Süleyman Askeri Bey
Askeri was born in 1884. He graduated from the War Academy in 1905 and his
first place of duty was the Third Army in Macedonia, where he also joined
the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). He took an active part in the
assasination of Şemsi Paşa, which was a landmark incident on the way of the
proclamation of the constitutional rule.
In 1909, he
was appointed to restructure the gendarmerie regiment in Baghdad. He was one
of the Turkish officers who went to Libya to organise the local resistance
against the Italian invasion in 1911. The next year, he took part in the
Balkan War and became the head of the provisional Turkish government
established in Western Thrace. In 1914, he joined the secret service
“Special Organisation” (Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa) which was directly controlled by Enver Paşa. In time he became one of the
most important figures in this organisation.
After the Ottoman Empire
entered the World War, Süleyman Askeri assumed the
Iraq Area Command and the Governorship of Baghdad. He was ordered to retake
the Shatt-al-Arab region at any cost. He was wounded during a battle against
the British in Shaiba and he was briefly taken to hospital in Baghdad for
treatment. Süleyman Askeri Bey could not accept the defeat; he was disappointed, especially about the
performance of his Arab levies, and depressed. He committed suicide on April 14, 1915 in Basra.