Hasan İzzet Paşa (Arolat)
Hasan İzzet was born in
1871 in Istanbul.
He graduated from the War Academy in 1893 and began working at the High
Command. In 1896, he was appointed to the War Academy as an instructor and
he taught tactical studies for several years. In 1897, he also took part in
the war against Greece and took part in the battles of Çatalca and Dömeke.
In 1907, he went to Romania as an observer for the military maneuvers held there. In 1909, when he was
the commander of the 17th Division located in Siroz, he returned
to Istanbul to join the ranks of the Liberation Army, which suppressed the
It was during the Balkan
Wars when Hasan İzzet was promoted to a General. He fought in several
fronts, including Petra, Taştabya, Vize and Çatalca. After the armistice, he was appointed as the
commander of the III Corps.
When the World War broke
out and the Ottoman Empire began to mobilize, Hasan İzzet Paşa assumed the command of
the Third Army. His army was located in Erzurum in the eastern part of
Anatolia and was deployed against the Russians in the Caucasian front. After
a quarrel with Enver Paşa, who came to the front to take over the command,
Hasan İzzet Paşa resigned. He was opposing Enver’s plans to attack and
encircle the Russians under the harsh conditions of winter.
Hasan İzzet Paşa died on
March 3, 1931 and was buried in Aleppo.