Navy
   
 
Turkey in the First World War
 
 


Yavuz




Sources: Capt. Richard Ackermann collection (above);
"The Ship that Changed the World" (D. van der Vat) (below)

Tonnage: 23,000 tonnes
Length: 186.5 m.
Beam: 29.5 m.
Draught: 8.7 m.
Engines: 4 turbines; 85,000 shp; Parsons-Blohm&Voss
Speed: 28 kts.
Armament: 10-284 mm 50-calibre guns (5x2)
12-150 mm guns
12-88 mm guns

Record:
* Launched by the German Navy on September 12, 1909 as SMS Goeben.
* Commisioned by Turkey and renamed Yavuz on August 16, 1914 in Istanbul.
* On October 28, 1914, Yavuz led a sortie into the Black Sea and began raiding Russian assets. The next day the Crimean port of Sevastopol was bombarded. Odessa was also attacked, resulting in the Russian declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire.
* On November 18, 1914, Yavuz fought a number of Russian battleships and suffered a hit from a 12-inch (305 mm) shell, killing 13 and wounding three crew.
* Bombarded Batumi on December 10, 1914.
* On December 26, 1914, Yavuz struck two mines at the entrance to the Bosphorus and took on about 2,000 tons of water. The damage put her out of action for a couple of months.
* During April 1915, Yavuz sank two Russian merchant ships. On May 10, 1915, in another encounter with Russian battleships, Yavuz received three 12-inch (305 mm) shell hits without inflicting any damage herself.
* On November 14, 1915, the Russian submarine Morz made an unsuccessful attack on Yavuz.
* On January 7, 1916, Yavuz fought with Russia's new dreadnaught Imperatritsa Ekaterina Velikaya in a fight which lasted only 11 minutes, with Yavuz using its superior speed to escape.
*In February and April 1916, Yavuz carried Turkish troops to the Caucasus front (to the port of Trabzon).
* In July 1916, she attacked Russian troop transports.
* In early July 1916, during another attempt to bombard Russian ports and after shelling the harbour at Tuapse, Yavuz again encountered a superior Russian force which included Imperatritsa Ekaterina Velikaya, but due to mistakes of Russian commanders, she managed to escape. The appearance of superior Russian battleships heavily curtailed further operations of Yavuz in the Black Sea.
* On January 20, 1918, Yavuz together with Midilli emerged from the Dardanelles and encountered the British ships near the island of Imbros. They managed to outgun the British destroyers and monitors, but ran into a minefield. Midilli sank immediately, but Yavuz, which struck three mines and was badly holed, managed to struggle back to the Dardanelles where she beached at the Narrows. The British made repeated attempts to bomb her but she survived and after being refloated on January 26, 1918, returned to Istanbul.
* Laid up at Izmit on November 9, 1918.
* Refitted by the Naval Forces of the Republic of Turkey between 1926-1930 at the shipyards in Gölcük.
* Laid up at Gölcük in 1948.
* Decommissioned on December 20, 1950.
* Sold for breaking up in 1971. Broken up between 1973 and 1976.




Commander of Yavuz, Col. Richard Ackermann

Officers of Yavuz


Sailors of Yavuz having supper

With the Turkish flag hoisted, Goeben joins the Ottoman navy as Yavuz
Yavuz inspected

 



Sources: Naval Museum Istanbul;
"Türk Tarihinde Yavuz Zırhlısının Rolü" (E. Baş)


Battle cruiser Yavuz, oil painting by Salih Bey
Source: Naval Museum Istanbul

Battle cruiser Yavuz, oil painting by İsmail Hakkı Bey
Source: Naval Museum Istanbul
 
 
 
 
Turkeyswar.com / © Altay Atlı / this page is last updated on September 26, 2012