Turkish Warships

The Turkish fleet was not a "mighty" armada as was the case with its Allied counterpart. Despite all the shortcomings, however, Turkish warships played a very important role in the war. Stories of legandary ships such as Hamidiye, Yavuz, Midilli, Mesudiye, Sultanhisar and Nusrat are never to be forgotten. The following is a comprehensive list of the vessels that have participated in the Ottoman war efforts on the seas. Click on the icon next to the name of a warship to get the technical specifications and to learn the story of that particular vessel. (Source for technical details: "Ottoman Steam Navy 1828-1923" by B.Langensiepen and A.Güleryüz)

TonnageYear builtOriginFate
DREADNOUGHTS
Sultan Osman27,5001914BritainSeized by the British government in 1914
Reşadiye23,0001914BritainSeized by the British government in 1914
CAPITAL SHIPS
Yavuz23,0001909 / 1914 (bought)GermanyScrapped in 1973
Barbaros Hayreddin10,0601891 / 1910 (bought)GermanySunk in 1915
Turgut Reis10,0601891 / 1910 (bought)GermanyScrapped in 1953
Mesudiye9,2001874BritainSunk in 1914
CRUISERS
Midilli4,5501911 / 1914 (bought)GermanySunk in 1918
Hamidiye3,8051903BritainScrapped in 1964
Mecidiye3,2501903USAScrapped in 1952
COAST DEFENSE SHIPS
Asar-ı Tevfik4,6871868FranceSunk in 1913
Avnillah2,4001867BritainSunk in 1912
Feth-i Bülent2,8001868FranceSunk in 1912
Muin-i Zafer2,4001869BritainScrapped in 1934
Necm-i Şevket2,0501867FranceScrapped in 1929
İclaliye2,2661870Austria-HungaryScrapped in 1928
DESTROYERS
Yadigar-ı Millet6161909 / 1910 (bought)GermanySunk in 1917
Muavenet-i Milliye6161909 / 1910 (bought)GermanyScrapped in 1953
Numune-i Hamiyet6161909 / 1910 (bought)GermanyScrapped in 1923
Gayret-i Vataniye6161909 / 1910 (bought)GermanySunk in 1915
Samsun2901907FranceScrapped in 1949
Taşoz2901907FranceScrapped in 1949
Yarhisar2901907FranceSunk in 1915
Basra2901907FranceScrapped in 1949
Berkefşan2701894GermanyScrapped in 1932
TORPEDO BOATS
Yunus2001906ItalyScrapped in 1935
Hamidiye2001902ItalySunk in 1911
Akhisar1601906ItalyScrapped in 1935
Musul1601906ItalyScrapped in 1936
Draç1601906ItalyScrapped in 1936
Kütahya1601906ItalySunk in 1916
Antalya1601906ItalyOut of service in 1916
Alpagut1601906ItalySunk in 1912
Tokat1601906ItalyOut of service in 1916
Ankara1601906ItalySunk in 1912
Demirhisar981906FranceSunk in 1915
Sultanhisar981907FranceScrapped in 1935
Sivrihisar981906FranceScrapped in 1935
Hamidabad981906FranceSunk in 1917
GUNBOATS
Peyk-i Şevket7751906GermanyScrapped in 1954
Berk-i Satvet7751906GermanyScrapped in 1955
Zuhaf6501896TurkeyScrapped in 1936
Peleng-i Derya5851890GermanySunk in 1915
Aydın Reis5101912FranceScrapped in 1954
Burak Reis5101912FranceScrapped in 1955
Preveze5101912FranceScrapped in 1926
Sakız5101912FranceScrapped in 1935
Durak Reis4201912FranceScrapped in 1973
İsa Reis4201912FranceScrapped in 1964
Hızır Reis4201912FranceOut of service in 1952
Marmaris5301907FranceSunk in 1915
Malatya2131907FranceScrapped in 1921
Taşköprü2131907FranceSunk in 1915
Nevşehir2131907FranceSunk in 1915
Ordu2001907FranceSunk in 1912
Gökçedağ2001907FranceSunk in 1915
Refahiye2001907FranceSunk in 1912
Ayıntap2001907FranceSunk in 1912
Bafra2001907FranceSunk in 1912
Kastamonu2001905GermanySunk in 1912
Yozgat2001905GermanySunk in 1912
Nurulbahir2001908ItalyOut of service in 1913
RIVER GUNBOATS
Doğan2501911GermanySunk in 1917
Selman-ı Pak981915 (seized)BritainOut of service in 1917
MINELAYERS
Giresun (storage ship)3,0001910 (bought)BritainScrapped in 1927
İntibah6001912 (boughtBritainOut of service in 1958
Selanik2701911 (seized)BritainScrapped in 1927
Samsun2701910 (bought)BritainSunk in 1915
Nusrat3601911GermanyOut of service in 1955
Muzaffer701914TurkeyOut of service in 1918
Gayret1441907 (bought)BritainScrapped in 1927
Nilüfer1,0001911 (bought)BritainSunk in 1914
Ron2001914 (seized)BritainSunk in 1914
SUBMARINES
Abdülhamit100 / 1601887Britain / Turkey Scrapped in 1921
Müstecip Onbaşı390 / 4251908 / 1915 (captured)FranceScrapped in 1921
TRANSPORTS AND
ARMED STEAMERS
Babil1,7301869 (bought)BritainSunk in 1912
Trabzon701860sTurkeySunk in 1912
Haliç?1911 (bought)?Sunk in 1911
Gör2881875 (bought)BritainSold to Albania in 1913
Kıyoçya1001911 (bought)?Sold to Albania in 1913
İzmir2,5001891 (bought)BritainSunk in 1912
Hüdeyde2,0601891 (bought)BritainOut of service in 1912
Marmara2,4701896 (bought)BritainOut of service in 1913
Bezm-i Alem4,5701906 (bought)BritainSunk in 1914
Tir-i Müjgan (depot ship)4,0501906 (bought)BritainScrapped in 1920
Eser-i Cedid1,5201909 (bought)BritainSunk in 1937
Mithat Paşa4,450 1911 (bought)BritainSunk in 1914
Reşit Paşa4,450 1911 (bought)BritainScrapped in 1953
Plevne1,1501912 (bought)BritainSunk in 1915
Urla4,1801914 (seized)BritainScrapped in 1954
Nara3001914 (seized)?Sunk in 1915
Mahmut Şevket Paşa2,6901915 (seized)BritainScrapped in 1935
Gülcemal5,0001874 / 1910 (bought)BritainScrapped in 1950
Bandırma280???
Derne????
Halep3,684??Sunk in 1915
Şam3,660???
Karadeniz3,6601905 / ? (bought) NetherlandsScrapped in 1951
Akdeniz?1890 / 1911 (bought) NetherlandsScrapped in 1930
Alemdar3621898DenmarkOut of service in 1954
Neveser3621890BritainSunk in 1917
Kızılırmak1,945??Sunk in 1915
Yeşilırmak865??Sunk in 1915
Gelibolu280???
Edremit280??Sunk in 1917
Mersin????
İnebolu????
Hüdavendigar820???
Bosporus2,990??Sunk in 1915
Rehber280??Sunk in 1915
Ceyhun3,500???
Zonguldak1,550???
Zafer330???
Derince3,300???
Seyhun3,000???
Uğurola960??Sunk in 1915
Patmos1,900??Sunk in 1916
Vatan520??Out of service in 1916
Resan???Sunk in 1916
Suhulet (ferry)?1870BritainScrapped in 1961
Sahilbent (ferry)?1871BritainScrapped in 1998
Gazal (tugboat)1821910 / 1912 (bought) BritainOut of service in 1954
YACHTS AND
SURVEY VESSELS
Ertuğrul9001903BritainScrapped in 1960
İstanbul9101888Britain?
İzzettin1,0751865BritainScrapped in 1929
Fuat1,0751865BritainScrapped in 1921
Söğütlü1101908BritainScrapped in 1955
Beyrut5201911 (bought)BritainSunk in 1914
Galata1401910 (bought)BritainOut of service in 1930
Seyyar2401888Britain?
Trablusgarp6301911 (bought)BritainSunk in 1911
Şıpka4201911 (bought)BritainSunk in 1912
İhsaniye1701869BritainSunk in 1912
Sultaniye2,9001862BritainScrapped in 1912