Albatros

Turkey in the First World War
www.turkeyswar.com

Albatros B1 (or B2) / Source: www.flieger-album.de

ALBATROS B1-B2

 

Origin: Germany

Crew: 2

Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston engine

Power: 220 hp

Wingspan: 14.30 m

Length: 8.60 m

Height: 3.50 m

Take-off weight: 800 kg

Maximum speed: 100 km/h

Range: 650 km

Service ceiling: 3000 m

Armament: none

 

This model's first flight took place in 1913. In March 1915, the German government donated 22 of them to Turkey, however only 18 were deployed at the Turkish air force. The remaining four were confiscated by Bulgarian and Serbian authorities during transportation. Although they were given reconnaissance and air combat duties during the earlier years of the war, they were later used for training as more advanced models appeared.

Albatros C1 / Source: www.tayyareci.com

ALBATROS C1-C2

 

Origin: Germany

Crew: 2

Engine: 1 x Argus in-line piston engine

Power: 170 hp

Wingspan: 12.90 m

Length: 7.85 m

Height: 3.00 m

Take-off weight: 1190 kg

Maximum speed: 132 km/h

Range: 380 km

Armament: 1 x machine gun

This model's first flight took place in 1914. In March 1915, Germany sent 7 C1 aircrafts to Turkey, followed by 8 C2 aircrafts. These models remained in service until 1922. They are one of the models that took part in the War of Independence.

Albatros C3 / Source: www.tayyareci.com

ALBATROS C3

 

Origin: Germany

Crew: 2

Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston engine

Power: 170 hp

Wingspan: 11.69 m

Length: 8.00 m

Height: 3.10 m

Take-off weight: 1353 kg

Maximum speed: 132 km/h

Armament: 1 (or 2) x machine gun, 100 kg bomb load

This model's first flight took place in 1915. Next year, they began to be deployed in Turkey. A total of 66 C3 aircrafts were deployed and they remained in service until 1922. It is one of the models that took part in the War of Independence.

Albatros D2 / Source: www.historicaircraft.org

ALBATROS D2

 

Origin: Germany

Crew: 1

Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston engine

Power: 150 hp

Wingspan: 8.50 m

Length: 7.40 m

Height: 2.64 m

Take-off weight: 868 kg

Maximum speed: 175 km/h

Range: 350 km

Service ceiling: 5500 m

Armament: 2 x machine gun (Spandau)

The D2 model started to be deployed by Turkish air forces in July 1917. However their number was limited to 3 since it was followed by the newer D3's starting on March 1918.

Albatros D3 / Source: www.tayyareci.com

ALBATROS D3

 

Origin: Germany

Crew: 1

Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston engine

Power: 180 hp

Wingspan: 9.00 m

Length: 7.33 m

Height: 2.98 m

Take-off weight: 908 kg

Maximum speed: 165 km/h

Range: 348 km

Service ceiling: 5500 m

Armament: 2 x machine gun (Spandau)

The D3 model began to be deployed in Turkey in March 1918. Until October 1918, Germany supplied 29 aircrafts of this model, 10 of which were without engines. They remained in service until 1922 and they participated the The Turkish War of Independence. Two newer models, D4, were brought to Turkey near the end of the war.

Albatros W4 / Source: www.tayyareci.com

ALBATROS W4

 

Origin: Germany

Crew: 1

Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston engine

Power: 160 hp

Wingspan: 9.50 m

Length: 8.50 m

Height: 3.70 m

Take-off weight: 1070 kg

Maximum speed: 160 km/h

Range: 450 km

Service ceiling: 3000 m

Armament: 1 x machine gun (Spandau)

The W4 was originally ordered by the German Navy in May 1916. It is a single seated biplane with an air combat duty. The first three prototypes were tested in 1916 in Germany and the next year, five aircrafts were semt to Turkey to be used at the German Navy's Coastal Defense flying units.