Aviation
   
 
Turkey in the First World War
 
 


Fokker

Fokker E1


Source: www.dutch-aviation.nl



Fokker E1 "Eindecker" entered service in Germany in 1915. It was the first aircraft equipped with a synchrohised machine gun that could fire through the blades of the propeller. Germany produced 54 of this model, four of which were deployed in Turkey between 1915 and 1917.

 


Origin:
Germany
Crew:
1
Engine:
1 x Oberursel rotary engine
Power:
80 hp
Wingspan:
8.53 m
Length:
6.76 m
Height:
2.89 m
Take-off weight:
662 kg
Maximum speed:
132 km/h
Service ceiling:
3000 m
Armament:
1 x machine gun (Spandau)
Fokker E3


Source: www.tayyareci.com


The E3 model joined the German air force in September 1915 and these planes also served for the Turkish air force, mainly with the "Pascha" Regiment (Fliegerabteilung-300) in Palestine where German pilots served. Nine planes of this model were deployed between 1916 and 1917.
 

Origin:
Germany
Crew:
1
Engine:
1 x Oberursel rotary engine
Power:
100 hp
Wingspan:
10.0 m
Length:
7.16 m
Height:
2.29 m
Take-off weight:
609 kg
Maximum speed:
141 km/h
Service ceiling:
4115 m
Armament:
1 x machine gun (Spandau)
Fokker D1


Source: www.fliegergemeinschaft.de


In Sommer 1916, when monoplanes started being outclassified in aerial combat, Fokker launched its "Doppeldecker" design. A total of 24 planes of model D1 and 33 planes of model D4 were produced. Eight planes of the D1 model were deployed in Turkey in November 1917, but two of them were destroyed in the fire at the Haydarpaşa railroad station in Istanbul.
 

Origin:
Germany
Crew:
1
Engine:
1 x Mercedes in-line piston
Power:
120 hp Wingspan: 9.05 m
Length:
5.70 m Height: 2.25 m
Take-off weight:
671 kg
Maximum speed:
150 km/h
Armament:
1 x machine gun (Spandau)
Fokker D7


Source: www.dutch-aviation.nl


Fokker D7 is widely accepted as the best German fighter plane of the First World War era by the authorities. A total of seven planes were deployed in Turkey in October 1918. However since the armistice was signed soon therafter, they could not be used, and to Istanbul to be stored instead.
 

Origin: Germany
Crew: 1
Engine: 1 x Mercedes 6-cyl in-line engine
Power: 160 hp Wingspan: 8.90 m
Length: 7.00 m Height: 2.75 m
Take-off weight: 850 kg
Maximum speed: 200 km/h
Service ceiling: 6000 m
Armament: 1 x machine gun (Spandau)

 

 
 
 
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