Aviation
   
 
Turkey in the First World War
 
 


Albatros

Albatros B1-B2


Source: www.flieger-album.de



This model's
inaugural flight took place in 1913. In March 1915, the German government donated 22 of them to Turkey, however only 18 were deployed by the Turkish air force. The remaining four were confiscated by Bulgarian and Serbian authorities during transportation. Although these planes were given reconnaissance and air combat duties during the earlier years of the war, they were later used for training as more advanced models appeared.

 


Origin:
Germany
Crew: 2
Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston engine
Power: 220 hp Wingspan: 14.30 m
Length: 8.60 m Height: 3.50 m
Take-off weight: 800 kg
Maximum speed: 100 km/h
Range: 650 km Service ceiling: 3000 m
Armament: none
Albatros C1-C2


Source: www.tayyareci.com


This model's inaugural flight took place in 1914. In March 1915, Germany sent seven C1 planes to Turkey, followed by eight C2. These models remained in service until 1922. They are one of the models that took part in the Turkish War of Independence.
 

Origin:
Germany
Crew: 2
Engine: 1 x Argus in-line piston engine
Power: 170 hp Wingspan: 12.90 m
Length: 7.85 m Height: 3.00 m
Take-off weight: 1190 kg
Maximum speed: 132 km/h
Range: 380 km
Armament:
1 x machine gun
Albatros C3


Source: www.tayyareci.com


This model's inaugural flight took place in 1915. Next year, they began to be deployed in Turkey. A total of 66 C3 planes were deployed and they remained in service until 1922. It is one of the models that took part in the Turkish War of Independence.
 

Origin:
Germany
Crew: 2
Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston Power: 170 hp Wingspan: 11.69 m
Length: 8.00 m Height: 3.10 m
Take-off weight: 1353 kg
Maximum speed: 132 km/h
Armament: 1 (or 2) x machine gun, 100 kg bomb load
Albatros D2


Source: www.historicaircraft.org


The D2 model started to be deployed by Turkish air forces in July 1917. However the number was limited to three planes since it was followed by the upgraded model D3 starting from March 1918.
 

Origin: Germany
Crew: 1
Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston
Power: 150 hp Wingspan: 8.50 m
Length: 7.40 m Height: 2.64 m
Take-off weight: 868 kg
Maximum speed: 175 km/h
Range: 350 km Service ceiling: 5500 m
Armament: 2 x machine gun (Spandau)
Albatros D3


Source: www.tayyareci.com


The D3 model began to be deployed in Turkey in March 1918. Until October 1918, Germany supplied 29 planes of this model, 10 of which were without engines. They remained in service until 1922 and they participated in the Turkish War of Independence. Two planes of the upgraded model, D4, were brought to Turkey near the end of the war.
 

Origin: Germany
Crew: 1
Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston
Power: 180 hp Wingspan: 9.00 m
Length: 7.33 m Height: 2.98 m
Take-off weight: 908 kg
Maximum speed: 165 km/h
Range: 348 km Service ceiling: 5500 m
Armament: 2 x machine gun (Spandau)
Albatros W4


Source: www.tayyareci.com


The W4 was originally ordered by the German Navy in May 1916. It is a single seated biplane with an air combat duty. The first three prototypes were tested in 1916 in Germany and the next year, five planes were sent to Turkey for the use of the German Navy's Coastal Defense flying units.
 

Origin: Germany
Crew: 1
Engine: 1 x Mercedes in-line piston
Power: 160 hp Wingspan: 9.50 m
Length: 8.50 m Height: 3.70 m
Take-off weight: 1070 kg
Maximum speed: 160 km/h
Range: 450 km Service ceiling: 3000 m
Armament: 1 x machine gun (Spandau)

 

 
 
 
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